SERIES 'A' PART IV  
                                ISSUE I, DATED 28th AUGUST, 1996.

File No. 11/690/96-AI(2)        EFFECTIVE  : FORTHWITH

Subject:  Airworthiness   Regulation  and  Safety  Oversight   of 
          Engineering Activities of Operators.


1.1  Safety  oversight of engineering activities of operator  and 
     maintenance  organisation is a function to ensure  effective 
     implementation  of the safety related  airworthiness  rules, 
     regulations  and  requirements  contained  in  the   various 
     National  documents and Standards and Recommended  Practices 
     and  associated procedures contained in the ICAO Annexes  to 
     the  Convention  and other  related  documents  particularly 
     Annexes 1,6,8.  The safety oversight airworthiness programme 
     is  aimed  to  detect  the  weaknesses  in  the  engineering 
     activities  of the operators, maintenance and other  related 
     organisations  so that necessary corrective measures can  be 
     taken  in time before they become a potential safety  hazard 
     and  that  the capability of the  organisation  to  exercise 
     airworthiness  control be maintained at or above  the  level 
     required by the regulations.

1.2  All maintenance work on aircraft engaged in public transport 
     operations  shall  be performed by  approved  organisations.  
     All  work  performed by an approved  organisation  shall  be 
     regulated by its Quality Control Organisation which shall be 
     headed by an approved Quality Control Manager.  The approved 
     organisations  shall ensure that aircraft are maintained  in 
     accordance  with the specified approved procedures  and  the 
     maintenance work is done by licensed or approved persons. 

1.3  Directorate   General  of  Civil  Aviation  lays  down   the 
     standards  and  procedures  for  ensuring  compliance   with 
     various airworthiness requirements and continuous monitoring 
     of approved organisations.  These requirements are aimed  to 
     implement the standards and recommended practices laid  down 
     in the ICAO Annexes 1, 6 and 8.

1.4  DGCA   regional   and  sub-regional   officers   carry   out 
     surveillance  checks to ensure that the standards laid  down 
     are  enforced.  The Regional and Sub-Regional  offices  give 
     feed-back  to headquarters regarding any weaknesses  in  the 
     systems,  and  also  suggested  corrective  actions.    DGCA 
     headquarters, thereafter, takes necessary corrective  action 
     under   the   Aircraft  Rules/CAR  to  remove   the   system 

1.5  This Civil Aviation Requirement briefly outlines the salient 
     airworthiness  requirements and the system under  which  the 
     airworthiness  control and the safety oversight is  required 
     to  be  exercised  on  the  engineering  activities  by  the 
     operators  and the DGCA officers.  The CAR is  issued  under 
     the provisions of Rule 133A of the Aircraft Rules, 1937  and 
     Section  A  of  the  Aircraft  Act,  1934  for  information, 
     guidance and compliance by the concerned agencies.


     All  Indian  operators engaged in  Scheduled  air  transport 

     services  for  carriage  of passengers, mail  or  cargo  and 
     maintenance organisations engaged in maintenance of aircraft 
     and  approved  in accordance with CAR Section 2  Series  'E' 
     shall  comply  with  the  requirements  of  this  CAR.   The 
     airworthiness oversight and safety requirements are  equally 
     applicable    to    the   operators   of    Non    scheduled 
     (Passenger/Cargo)  air transport service who  should  follow 
     the  requirements as applicable, keeping in view  the  scope 
     and  extent  of  their operations.   For  new  organizations 
     seeking  permission  to commence operations  or  maintenance 
     activities,  it  shall be a prerequisite for  grant  of  the 
     approval  to  furnish information confiming that  they  have 
     established the necessary system and have adequate qualified 
     manpower  and infrastructure to implement the  airworthiness 
     regulation  and  in-house  oversight  of  their  engineering 
     activities  as  stipulated  in  this  CAR.   Concerned  DGCA 
     officers  shall  also  exercise  the  safety  oversight   of 
     engineering activities of the organisations as described  in 
     this CAR.


     Various statutory/regulatory documents, namely the  Aircraft 
     Act 1934, the Aircraft Rules 1937, Aeronautical  Information 
     Publication   (AIP),  Civil  Aviation  Requirements   (CAR), 
     Aeronautical  Information  Circular  (AIC),  stipulate   the 
     safety   and   airworthiness  requirements   applicable   to 
     different  type  of operations and  maintenance  activities, 
     which shall be complied with by the concerned  organisation.  
     In   addition  implementation  of  the   following   salient 
     airworthiness  and  safety  requirements  shall  be  closely 
     monitored  by the organisation and DGCA officers to  enhance 
     safety of operations.


3.1.1  Rule  155A of the Aircraft Rules, 1937  requires  that  an 
     operator  shall have access to an adequate organisation  for 
     maintenance of aircraft.  Rule 133B specifies the conditions 
     for  approval  of an organisation.  Besides  requirement  of 
     maintenance organisation, in accordance with Rule 134 of the 
     Aircraft  Rules, no person shall operate any  air  transport 
     service in India without obtaining the necessary permit  for 
     operating  such  services.  The operating  permit  shall  be 
     maintained  current  and valid and the operations  shall  be 
     conducted within the scope and provisions of the permit.

3.1.2  The  organisation shall demonstrate, before grant  of  the 
     approval/permit their capability to satisfactorily  maintain 
     the  aircraft and safely operate the air transport  services 
     sought  to  be operated.  It is the  responsibility  of  the 
     operator to satisfy the DGCA that their maintenance  support 
     arrangements  are to a satisfactory standard.  The  operator 
     may  have his own maintenance organisation approved  by  the 
     DGCA  in  accordance  with Rule 133B  or  may  contract  his 
     maintenance work to another DGCA approved organisation.  The 
     approved  organisation shall have to have his  own  approved 
     maintenance programme, quality control and safety  oversight 
     setup.   It   shall   be   ensured   that   the    manpower, 
     infrastructure,   facilities,   systems   and    maintenance 
     operating   capability does not degrade below  the  required 
     level at any time and is enhanced continuously  commensurate 
     with expansion of activities.

3.1.3 In accordance with Rule 140 of the Aircraft Rules, 1937 all 
     operators  shall  comply with  the  stipulated  engineering, 

     inspection manual and safety requirements to ensure that the 
     passenger  and  the aircraft are protected  at  an  adequate 
     level of safety throughout the operation.
3.1.4 Leased Aircraft: The requirements for maintenance and  safe 
     operation of foreign aircraft leased for operation by or  on 
     behalf  of  Indian operators for public transport  are  laid 
     down in CAR Section 3, Series 'C' Part I under the provision 
     Rule 133A of the Aircraft Rules, 1937 and Section 5A of  The 
     Aircraft Act, 1934.


3.2.1  The  maximum  permissible age and cycle  flying  hours  of 
     aircraft  for import into India Shall be in accordance  with 
     CAR  Section 2 Series 'F' Part XX and CAR Section  3  Series 

     In  accordance with Rule 5 of the Aircraft Rules,  1937,  no 
     person shall fly or assist in flying any aircraft unless  it 
     has  been  registered  in accordance with  Rule  30  of  the 
     Aircraft  Rules,  1937.  The procedure for  registration  is 
     detailed  in CAR Section 2, Series 'F' Part I. Further,  the 
     aircraft shall bear its nationality and registration marking 
     and  the  name and address of the owner affixed  thereon  in 
     accordance with Rule 37 of the Aircraft Rules, 1937.


3.4.1  To  be  eligible  for  issue  of  Indian  Certificate   of 
     Airworthiness  (C of A), each aircraft either   manufactured 
     in India or elsewhere shall conform to Type Design and shall 
     be  in a condition for safe operation.  In  accordance  with 
     Rule  49  of  the Aircraft Rules, 1937 and  CAR  Section  2, 
     Series  'F' Part II, aircraft designed and  manufactured  in 
     India, shall be type certificated by DGCA, India.   Aircraft 
     imported  into India, must conform to Type Design under  the 
     regulations of Federal Aviation Administration of USA (FAA), 
     European   Airworthiness  Consortium  (JAA)  or  any   other 
     authority acceptable to DGCA, India.

3.4.2  For cargo operations, tne aircraft shall be  certified  in 
     the  category by the Airworthiness Authority of The  Country 
     of eport manufacture and acceptable to DGCA.

3.4.3 The Aircraft proposed to be utilized by the operators shall 
     be  fitted with all the mandatory instruments  andequipments 
     and  in  accordance  with  the  Type  Certificate  and  such 
     equipment as specified in CAR Section2.


3.5.1 In Accordance with Rule 15 of the Aircraft Rules, 1937,  no 
     aircraft registered in India shall be flown unless it has  a 
     current  and valid C of A issued/revalidated  in  accordance  
     with Rule 50 of the Aircraft Rules, 1937 unless it is  flown 
     for  the  purpose of flight test for C of A renewal  in  the 
     close  vicinity of the departing aerodrome.   The  procedure 
     for  issue  and revalidation of C of A is  detailed  in  CAR 
     Section 2, Series 'F' Part III & IV.

3.5.2  All aircraft shall be maintained in a continuous state  of 
     airworthiness   and   meet  the   applicable   airworthiness 
     requirements  including  those relating  to  identification, 

     equipment,  mandatory modification,  applicable  maintencnce 
     schedules, replacement of components when due, failing which 
     the  C of A shall stand suspended or deemed to be  suspended 
     in  accordance  with  Rule 55 the Aicraft  Rules,  1937  CAR 
     Section 2 Series 'F' Part V.

3.5.3  It shall be ensured by the operator that all  instruments, 
     systems, equipment and accessories on board the aircraft are 
     serviceable  unless  these  are covered  under  an  approved 
     Minimum  Equipment/Configuration Deviation  List  (MEL/CDL).  
     The  MEL/CDL shall be prepared by the operator based on  the 
     Master  Minimum Equipment List and got approved by the  DGCA 
     in accordance with CAR Section 2, Series 'B' Part I.

3.5.4 Maintenance support arrangements shall only be provided  by 
     the organisations approved by the DGCA for the specific type 
     of  work in accordance with CAR Section 2, Series 'E'.  Such 
     arrangements  shall  be  reflected in  the  Quality  Control 
     manual of the operators.

3.5.5   The approved organisation shall provide, for the use  and 
     guidance    of  its  personnel,   Engineering   Organisation 
     mannual, Quality Control Manual, Maintenance System  Manual, 
     which  shall  contain  details  of  information   concerning 
     policies,  procedures, practices and quality control  method 
     relating  to activities of the operator and containing  such 
     further information as may be specified by the DGCA.

3.5.6 The approved Maintenance Organisations shall maintain their 
     capability  at or above the standard based on which  initial 
     approval  was  accorded  by the DGCA.  To  ensure  that  the 
     operator  has  continued capability to  conduct  engineering 
     functions  commensurate  with  the scope  of  approval,  the 
     Quality Control Division of the organisation shall carry out 
     detailed audit frequently and submit report to the concerned 
     office  of the DGCA.  The DGCA officers shall  also  conduct 
     frequent  surveillance checks.  Discrepancies detected  must 
     be  rectified forthwith, failing which approval of the  firm 
     may be revoked.

3.5.7  The operaor shall submit the following  information  while 
     applying for renewal of approval of the Organisation.

     a.  continued compliance of applicable Aircraft Rules,  CARs 
     and AICs.

     b.  In-house  safety  audit team  reports  highlighting  the 
     discrepancies  of the operator along with the  action  taken 
     report  carried  out within 60 days prior to expiry  of  the 
     validity of approval.

3.5.8  The  operator shall maintain his aircraft in  a  continued 
     state of airworthiness and shall ensure that all maintenance 
     is  being  performed according to the  approved  maintenance 
     programme,  methods, standards and techniques  specified  in 
     the    Maintencance/Quality   Control   Manual.     Detailed 
     requirements  for maintenance, certification  and  continued 
     maintenance  programme laid down in Rule 60 of the  Aircraft 
     Rules,  1937  and CAR Section 2 Series 'F' Part III  and  IX 
     shall be complied with.

3.5.9  The  approved  organisation  shall  have  the  maintenance 
     programme of the aircraft approved prior to commencement  of 
     operations.   The  operator can base his  programme  on  the 
     manufacturers'  Maintenance Planning Document (MPD)  or  any 
     DGCA  approved programme and shall have adequate  facilities 

     in   terms   of  trained   manpower,   adequate   inventory, 
     reliability  monitoring  system, shop facilities  etc.   The 
     maintenance programme once approved, shall be updated  based 
     on   DGCA/Manufacturers   instructions,  SBS,   in   service 
     experience etc.


3.6.1   The  approved  organisation  shall  have  a  full-fledged 
     Quality  Control  Department  headed by  a  Quality  Control 
     Manager  assisted by Deputy Quality Control  Manager(s)  and 
     adequate mumber of trained technical officers.

3.6.2  The Quality Control department shall have dedicated  cells 

     a. delay, defect and engineering incident investigation

     b.  relibility analysis, engine performance  monitoring  and 
     component life control 

     c.  compliance  of  servive  bulletins  and   modifications, 
     maintenance  of  technical  records,  schedules,  issue   of 
     technical circulars and distribution of technical data.

3.6.3  The  Quality Control cell shall have a  proper  system  of 
     maintaining  the  records of  each  AME/approved  authorised 
     person  (including  foreign AMEs, if employed) in  order  to 
     ensure that:

     a. the licences are maintained current/valid.

     b. the licences are endorsed for the type of aircraft;

     c.  authorsation/approvals  are  current/valid.   For   this 
     purpose  a  fool proof system of record  keeping  in  proper 
     formats,  preferably  a  computer  based  system,  shall  be 
     established and followed.

3.6.4  The  operator shall ensure compliance  of  all  applicable 
     Mandatory  SBs/Mods and Airworthiness Directives and  proper 
     record  be  maintained to show current  status,  repeat  and 
     terminating actions.

3.6.5 The QC department shall ensure that all certifications  are 
     executed  by  appropriately  licenced/approved  persons  and 
     according   to procedures specified in the approved  Quality 
     Control Mannual.

3.6.6 The QC department shall ensure that carried forward defects 
     and deferred maintenance are properly attended in time.

3.6.7 QC department shall ensure that vendors hold DGCA approval.

3.6.8   The  various  allied/support  shops  shall  comply   with 
     regulations   regarding  cleanliness,  approved   schedules, 
     documents,  calibration  and adequacy of  test  benches  and 
     availability of approved inspector-in-charge and  sufficient 
     numnber of licensed/approved personnel, as applicable.

3.6.9  The QC cell shall associate with Flight Safety  Department 
     to investigate engineering incidents & take such  corrective 
     measures promptly as called for.

3.6.10  The  storage  facilities shall be adequate  in  terms  of 
     protection   of  part,  control  of  shelf   life,   storage 

          conditions etc.

3.6.11  Negative trends in the  maintenance/inspection  programme 
     noted   during   routine  surveillance  or   by   continuing 
     surveillance  programme  shall be immediately  arrested  and 
     action  taken to reverse the trend.  Examples of  situations 
     indicating   negative   trends  include  increase   in   the 

     -    Aircraft delays

     -    Premature removal rates

     -    Number of engine shut down rates,

     -    Number of short term escalations, 

     -    Deferred  maintenance  (MEL) items and length  of  time 
     they remain deferred.

     -    Repeat Pilot Reports etc.

3.6.12 The operator shall have a sound airworthiness  performance 
     monitoring system. This function provides for collecting and 
     analysing   operational   and  airworthiness   data.    This 
     monitoring is done through:-

a.  Emergency  responding  which  includes  identifying  critical 
     situations  like  in Flight Shut  Down  (IFSD),  uncontained 
     engine failure, depressurization etc.

b Day to Day Monitoring: Scheduled operators shall conduct  daily 
     meeting  to discuss morning launch delays and activities  of 
     the  previous  day.   Other  operators  may  conduct   these 
     meetings at less frequent intervals. 

c  Long term monitoring:  This system shall  include  appropriate 
     means   of   reporting  and   accounting   operational   and 
     airworthiness  data at specified intervals to  reveal  trend 
     related  information  and take corrective  action.   Typical 
     example   of   the  data  used  to   monitor   airworthiness 
     performance are:-

     -    Pilot reports complied ATA codewise.

     -    Inspection  findings  complied  ATA  codewise,  Failure 
     rates compled ATA codewise.

     -    Tear down/strip reports 

     -    Pre-mature removal rate (Including engine)

     -    Engine shut down rate

     -    Deferred items (MEL) 

     -    Mechanical Defect summeries.

     -    Mechanical Reliability Reports.


3.7.1     In accordance with Rule 54 of the Aircraft Rules, 1937, 
     all   manufacturing/maintenance  work  performed  on   civil 
     registered  aircraft shall be carried out and  certified  by 

     appropriately   licensed  AMEs  and/or   authorised/approved 
     persons.  The operator shall have sufficient number of  AMEs 
     holding  licences  issued by DGCA in various  categories  in 
     accordance with Rule 61 of the Aircraft Rules, 1937 and  CAR 
     Section  2  Series  'L' Part I.   The  engineers  should  be 
     supported  by  sufficient  number  of  trained   experienced 
     technicians   in  each  trade.   However,  DGCA  may   allow 
     appropriately qualified/licenced foreign engineers to  carry 
     out  and  certify  maintenance  work  of  Indian  registered 
     aircraft  to  enable engineers of the  operator  to  acquire 
     necessary maintenance experience and licence.

3.7.2 An operator employing any foreign AME shall obtain for  him 
     the required security clearance through DGCA before the  AME 
     is  scheduled for maintenance work.  The AME should also  be 
     given   thorough   familiarisation   about   Indian   rules, 
     regulations, CARs, operators' control manual and  facilities 
     avaiable  at bases and enroute stations.  After the  Quality 
     Control  Manager  is satisfied with and has  certified,  the 
     foreign  AME  has to pass an oral check by a DGCA  board  in 
     accordance with AIC 17 of 1994 and then only the AME will be 
     authorised to certify the aircraft.

3.7.3  An operator employing appropriately licenced AME from  any 
     other   domestic   airlines  shall  familiarise   him   with 
     differences  in the aircraft in their fleet if any, and  the 
     QC   Manual/Procedure.   The  AME  shall  be   deputed   for 
     inspection  certification work only after he has  passed  an 
     oral check conducted by DGCA board as per AIC 17 of 1994.

3.7.4  Where the AMEs are required to be trained on a  particular 
     type  of  aircraft,  the operator  shall  get  the  training 
     programme approved along with the names of AMEs.

3.7.5 Revoke of licence/approvals:

     In accordance with Rule 61 of the Aircraft Rules, 1937,  any 
     licence,   authorisation,   approval   or   Certificate   of 
     Competency  may be cancelled, suspended or endorsed, if  the 
     holder has not performed the work in a careful and competent 
     manner  or  the holder has signed for work not  licenced  to 
     deal  with  or  it is undesirable  that  the  holder  should 
     continue to exercise his privileges granted under this rule.


3.8.1    The    Q.C    Manual    maintenance    System    Manual, 
     Maintenance/Overhaul/Structural  Manuals, Illustrated  Parts 
     Catalog,  Wiring  Manual, Service  Bulletins,  Airworthiness 
     Directives and related guidance materials shall be kept  and 
     amended to keep them upto date by the Q.C. department.   The 
     operator   shall   remain  on  the  mailing  list   of   the 
     manufacturers  and Airworthiness Authorities of  country  of 
     manufacture  of  aircraft, engine  and  equipment  installed 
     thereon  for the purpose of receiving SBs, ADs  and  regular 
     amendments to the various documents. 

3.8.2     A  master  folder  of each  type  of  regulatory/policy 
     document viz. CARs, AICs, Airworthiness Advisory  Circulars, 
     SBs etc. shall be maintained by the QC Office for  reference 
     of  QC  personnel and AMEs.   All  publications,  documents, 
     maintenance  schedules, forms shall be  frequently  screened 
     for completeness.

3.9  A  master  copy  of  approved  maintenance  shedules/Special 
     Inspection  shcedules  shall be kept in the  QC  Department.  

     Whenever  a new inspection item or routine functional  check 
     of  any  component is introduced, it should  be  immediately 
     included  in  the relevant maintenance schedule so  that  it 
     could  be  carried out at the required  periodicity.   There 
     shall  be  a  check for completed  inspection  schedules  to 
     ensure  that all items of inspection are duly certified  and 
     carried out. 

3.10  The  QC  department shalkl maintain up  to  date  Mandatory 
     Modification  list  in  respect of each  type  of  aircraft, 
     engine,  system  operated alongwith  the  applicability  and 
     compliance status. 

3.11  Major  repairs/Modification  shall  be  accomplished   with 
     approved  drawing  and by approved persons as  envisaged  in 
     Rule 52 the Aircraft rules, 1937.


3.12.1  The operator shall have his own facilities for replay  of 
     Cockpit  Voice Recorder.  For readout of FDR/DFDR he  should 
     have  his  own  facilities  or  make  approved   arrangement 
     acceptable to DGCA.

3.12.2  The  operator shall have  necessary  technical  literatue 
     tools,  special tools, appropriately licensed AMEs,  battery 
     cart/GPU,   trestles,  jacks,  trained  manpower  etc.   for 
     carrying out the required maintenance.

3.12.3 The operator shall have facilities and approved persons or 
     satisfactory  arrangements with DGCA approved firm to  carry 
     out  additional structural inspection of aging  aircraft  to 
     keep them in a continued state of airworthiness.

3.12.4  The  operator  engaged in operations  with  twin  engined 
     aircraft shall ensure compliance of the requirement relating 
     to etop operations.

3.12.5   Before  commencing  operations  to  a  new  station   or 
     establishing  a night halt station, the Q.C.  Manager  shall 
     carry out and ensure that all facilities as envisaged in CAR 
     Section 3, Series 'E' Part I and Section 2, Series 'E'  Part 
     IX  are  available.  A certificate to that effect  shall  be 
     forwarded to the concerned Regional Airworthiness Office  by 
     the Q.C. Manager.

3.12.6  The operator shall have a system of frequent exchange  of 
     information between Operations and Engineering Department to 
     improve  co-ordination and understanding of operational  and 
     airworthiness  matters.  A record of such discussions  shall 
     be maintained. 

3.13 The DGCA issues Airworthiness Advisory Circulars, Air Safety 
     Circulars Bulletins to the industry for guidance and  advice 
     in  order  to enhance safety of  aircraft  operations.   The 
     orgnaisations  shall  go through these  materials  and  take 
     action wherever required. 

3.14  The operator has to arrange or conduct training whenever  a 
     new  aircraft  type is inducted or new AMEs  are  recruited.  
     The   organisation  must,  therefore,  have   the   training 
     programme approved and ensure its compliance. 

3.15 The DGCA conducts AME licence examination periodically.  All 
     organisations  shall,  therefore,  train  their  maintenance 
     personnel and have them appear in the said examinations,  so 

     as to ensure sufficient qualified AMEs on their employment. 


     Effective  safety regulation and oversight of  airworthiness 
     functions can be achieved only by joint efforts on the  part 
     of   the  operators,  maintenance  organisations   and   the 
     regulatory  authority.  It is, therefore, essential that  in 
     addition  to  the airworthiness programme of the  DGCA,  the 
     operators  and  maintenance organisations should  also  have 
     their in-house surveillance programme commensurate with  the 
     type and scale of their operations activities.

     Broadly, the surveillance programme may be conducted on  the 
     following lines: 

4.1  The  operators and maintenance organisatons shall  lay  down 
     their   policies  and  procedures  for  compliance  of   the 
     airworthiness,  safety, training and internal  safety  audit 
     programme  in  their  engineering  procedures  and  training 
     manuals.   The  responsibility  of  implementation  of   the 
     policies and procedures contained in these manuals shall  be 
     assigned  and  division of responsibility for  this  purpose 
     shall be clearly reflected in the relevant manuals.

4.2  The day-to-day safety regulation and in-house monitoring  of 
     the   airworthiness  functions  of  the  operator  and   the 
     maintenance organisations shall be exercised by the  Quality 
     Control  Manager and by his inspectors and dedicated  staff.  
     Necessary  check  lists should be devised for  carrying  out 
     such  monitoring.   There  shall  be  a  proper  system   of 
     documentation   and  record  keeping  of  the   deficiencies 
     observed and corrective measures taken.

4.3  In addition to the day-to-day monitoring, periodic  in-house 
     safety  audit shall be carried out by the  dedicated  safety 
     audit team of the operator and the maintenance organisations 
     to  ensure  that the airworthiness  safety  regulations  are 
     complied with.  Corrective action shall be taken immediately 
     by  the  Chief  of Flight Safety in  consultation  with  the 
     Quality Control Manager on the deficiencies observed  during 
     the  audit. Relevant record and data in proper format  shall 
     be maintained in this regard.

4.4 In order to discharge the responsibility for safety oversight 
     in  accordance  with  ICAO  Annex  6,  Aircraft  Act,  1934, 
     Aircraft   Rules,  1937,  and  the  CARs  made   thereunder, 
     surveillance  of  all  airworthiness  and  safety  functions 
     including  training, shall also be carried out by  the  DGCA 
     officers  viz.  officers  of the  Regional  and  Subregional 
     Airworthiness offices directly supervising the activities of 
     the   organisations  working  in  their  area  of   control.  
     Deficiencies  observed  shall be intimated to  the  operator 
     concerned  for  immediate  corrective  action.  Director  of 
     Airworthiness  (DAW)  of the region concerned  shall  ensure 
     that necessary actions are taken on the observations made.

4.5 The DGCA safety audit teams or other nominated officers shall 
     carry  out safety audit or special checks of  the  operators 
     and   the   maintenance  organisation   periodically.    The 
     deficiencies observed by the team during the audit shall  be 
     brought  to  the notice of the  concerned  organisation  for 
     prompt corrective action.  The DAW in the DGCA  Headquarters 
     shall  take  appropriate measures to ensure  that  necessary 
     actions  are  taken  by  the  operator  or  the  maintenance 
     organisation to remove the deficiencies and to implement the 

     safety  recommendations.  Where punitive action is  required 
     to  be  taken  for serious lapses, the  DAW  (Hdqrs.)  shall 
     initiate the same promptly.


     Review of implementation of the airworthiness regulation and 
     oversight  programme  shall  be  carried  out  as  and  when 
     required by the DGCA Headquarters jointly with the  operator 
     and  maintenance  organisations  to  asses  functioning  and 
     effectiveness of the programmes.  The DAW (Hdqrs.) shall co-
     ordinate the review.  This would also provide an opportunity 
     to the organisations to learn from the experience of  others 
     and  to  improve their own systems.  During the  review,  it 
     would   also  be  assessed  whether  the   national   rules, 
     regulations,  procedures and requirements are  adequate  and 
     effective  in  the  implementation  of  the  relevant   ICAO 
     Standards and Recommended Practices and if found  necessary, 
     appropriate amendaments would be suggested.

                                        (H. S. KHOLA)
                              DIRECTOR GENERAL OF CIVIL AVIATION